Anytime you use information, ideas, facts, or phrases from a source you must include an in-text citation directing the reader to the full citation on the References page. There should be a reference for each in-text citation and a citation for each resource on the References page. You must have first created the full citation for the resource to create the in-text citation. Follow these guidelines when creating in-text citations:
The pattern for in-text citations is straightforward in APA:
|Narrative citation||Parenthetical citation|
|One author||As Smythe (2021) mentions...||(Smythe, 2021)|
|Two authors||Smythe and Jonas (2021)||(Smythe & Jonas, 2021)1|
|Three+ authors||According to Smythe et al. (2021)||(Smythe et al., 2021)|
|An organization||Federal Bureau of Investigation (2021)||(FBI, 2021)2|
Except when it isn’t!
When you use the Title of a work in the body of your text, you'll follow one of these rules. Look at the Title in the Reference entry:
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association: The official guide to APA style (7th edition).
Purdue OWL. (n.d.). In-text citations: Author/authors. Purdue Writing Lab. https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_style_introduction.html.