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HMS 102: Position Paper

Websites for APA Citation Help

APA Style -- an online guide for how to do all things APA style... from the APA itself!

 


OWL (Purdue University's Writing Lab) -- an extremely reliable and up-to-date site with information about APA format and a wide variety of citations.

 

Shortcuts to the APA Style Guide (7th Edition)

From the APA Guidelines for Bias Free Language:

"The American Psychological Association emphasizes the need to talk about all people with inclusivity and respect. Writers using APA Style must strive to use language that is free of bias and avoid perpetuating prejudicial beliefs or demeaning attitudes in their writing. Just as you have learned to check what you write for spelling, grammar, and wordiness, practice reading your work for bias.

The guidelines for bias-free language contain both general guidelines for writing about people without bias across a range of topics and specific guidelines that address the individual characteristics of age, disability, gender, participation in research, racial and ethnic identity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and intersectionality. These guidelines and recommendations were crafted by panels of experts on APA’s bias-free language committees."

From the APA Guidelines for Tables and Figures:

Tables and figures enable writers to present a large amount of information efficiently and to make their data more comprehensible.

A table usually shows numerical values (e.g., means and standard deviations) and/or textual information (e.g., lists of stimulus words, responses from participants) arranged in columns and rows. A figure may be a chart, graph, photograph, drawing, plot, infographic, or any other illustration that is not a table.

The goal of any table or figure is to help readers understand your work. The best tables and figures are also attractive and accessible to all users. The APA Style guidelines for tables and figures help ensure your visual displays are formatted clearly and consistently, thus contributing to the goal of effective communication.